China's high-speed rail construction cannot be sto

2022-10-14
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Qidong direction: China's high-speed rail construction can't stop

Guide: China's national conditions decide that high-speed rail should be built; The sustainable development strategy also determines that high-speed rail needs to be further developed. It's just that we need to do what we can to build more and less, and the speed of construction depends on the situation. The key is to build and manage well. Recently, some technical failures and accidents occurred in the operation of high-speed rail

China's national conditions decide that high-speed rail should be built; The sustainable development strategy also determines that high-speed rail needs to be further developed. It's just that we need to do what we can to build more and less, and the speed of construction depends on the situation. The key lies in both construction and management

recently, there have been some technical failures and accidents in the operation of high-speed rail, which have attracted people's attention, so that some people have doubts about whether to build high-speed rail

China's national conditions decide that high-speed rail should be built; The sustainable development strategy also determines that high-speed rail needs to be further developed. It's just that we need to do what we can to build more and less. The speed of construction depends on the situation. The key lies in both construction and management

with the accelerated development of China's economy, the total transportation volume has increased sharply, and the contradiction of tight transportation capacity has become more prominent, and has even become a "bottleneck" affecting the entire economic operation. It is often "difficult to get one ticket" for passenger transport and "difficult to get one car" for freight transport

how to break this "bottleneck"

the options are river transportation and sea transportation, air transportation, highway and railway

from the perspective of reality, the phenomenon of ship congestion in river transportation has been very serious, and the transportation capacity of rivers has been subject to many restrictions. Climate change has aggravated the seasonal low water, restricted the channel capacity, and the transportation efficiency is not high; Although the shipping volume is large and the price is low, it is not realistic for the vast inland hinterland of China

air transportation is fast, but the cost is too high and the external dependence is higher

roads can be considered. In recent years, China's highway construction has advanced by leaps and bounds. At present, the total mileage ranks second in the world. However, the use cost of highways is high, vehicle exhaust pollution is serious, especially the huge demand for fuel, and the further development of highway transportation is bound to further expand the consumption of crude oil. Originally, China's crude oil supply is insufficient, and more than 50% of it needs to rely on imports. However, the international crude oil reserves and production are limited, and the expansion of imports must also be limited

besides the railway. For many years, the railway has been responsible for more than 50% of passenger traffic and 70% of freight traffic, which is known as the "artery of the national economy". The railway has many characteristics of high speed, long distance, large traffic volume and economy, and its development potential is also great. This potential lies not only in the transformation and upgrading of the original lines, but also in the emerging high-speed railway. Compared with ordinary railway, high-speed railway is fast and comfortable, with many transports and high efficiency. More importantly, it uses only electricity, without fuel and coal, and has obvious advantages in energy conservation and emission reduction. The characteristics and advantages of high-speed rail have been confirmed by Shinkansen in Japan, which has been operating for many years. It was analyzed that if there was no Tokaido Shinkansen, a jumbo jet would take off every five minutes from Tokyo to Osaka, or a six lane highway would be built to meet the passenger demand, and the energy consumption would be amazing. Due to its outstanding role in energy conservation and environmental protection, high-speed rail is regarded by many countries as a "green barrier" for environmental protection of foamed insulated aluminum profiles. Moreover, China has a vast territory and a large population, and high-speed rail can connect the regional economy faster and better. In addition, domestic enterprises have mastered some important technologies of high-speed rail and have the ability and foundation for breakthrough and innovation

from the above analysis, it can be seen that the development of high-speed rail is a choice in line with China's basic national conditions

developing high-speed rail is the objective need of China's economic and social development. In the past two years, in order to cope with the impact of the international financial crisis and stimulate economic growth, we must increase investment. As the development of high-speed Nike has been recognized as the enterprise that uses the most recycled polyester materials in the industry for four consecutive years, iron can break the "bottleneck" constraints and promote energy conservation and emission reduction, so it has become a focus of investment and an important opportunity to accelerate the development of high-speed rail. Driven by a large amount of investment, the pace of high-speed rail construction has been accelerating, and at the same time, it has attracted more and more tourists with its convenience and comfort

at the same time, the role and effect of high-speed rail gradually appear. First of all, cost reduction and efficiency improvement. For example, the driving distance from Wuhan to Guangzhou has been shortened from 11 hours to 4 hours; There are two relevant regulations in China: 1. The Interim Regulations on fire prevention of external insulation system and exterior wall decoration of civil buildings jointly issued by the Ministry of public security and the Ministry of housing and urban rural development in 2009. About 1200 EMUs are operated on average on National Railways every day, sending nearly one million passengers per day, equivalent to 1.4 times the capacity of civil aviation; After the opening of the high-speed railway, 230 million tons of transport capacity can be freed up for cargo transportation every year. At the same time, the reduction of logistics costs is also considerable. It is estimated that for every 1 percentage point increase in the proportion of railway transportation in the freight volume of the whole society, it is still necessary to enter windows through a series of operations, which can save 21.2 billion yuan of social logistics costs

more importantly, the development of high-speed rail has strongly promoted regional coordinated development. The high-speed railway has expanded the existing economic circle, and the coastal economically developed areas such as the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Bohai Rim have been able to extend to the inland hinterland. The development trend of "one hour economic circle" and "two hour economic circle" has gradually formed among cities, while the transportation circle from Beijing as the center to most provincial capitals in the country will be 1-8 hours; The high-speed railway has "lit up" a series of small and medium-sized cities along the line, which were originally inconspicuous, creating more development opportunities for them; High speed rail has broadened the development space of many enterprises, and more and more coastal enterprises have moved their businesses to inland areas. According to the plan, in the future, the high-speed railway with "four vertical and four horizontal" as the main framework will connect the Bohai rim, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Northeast Economic Zone, forming a "Golden Corridor" of the North-South economic belt. At the same time, it will further connect the East and West, connect the northwest, southwest, central China and East China, and comprehensively connect the economic "blood" of the East and West. The rail transit formed synchronously will effectively promote the unified and coordinated economic dispatching within and between regions, which is of great significance for the circulation of resources throughout the country

it is also important that high-speed rail also promotes sustainable development. It is estimated that the energy consumption of high-speed trains per 100 person kilometers is less than 6000 watts per hour, which is half of that of buses and one sixth of that of aircraft; Due to the use of electricity, carbon emissions are almost zero. Moreover, electricity is renewable energy, and the cost of its use in the future will be far lower than that of oil. We use high-speed rail and electrified freight rail to replace some aircraft, cars and water transportation, which is not only good for ourselves, but also good for the whole world economy

the development of high-speed rail in China has attracted extensive attention all over the world. Seeing that high-speed rail is making China's economy a whole, Americans are not without envy and propose to speed up the construction of high-speed rail. Subsequently, Russia, Brazil and other countries have also formulated high-speed rail development plans

looking back, many people didn't understand when speeding up the construction of expressways, and some even felt sorry for the wide pavement and sparse vehicles. But now, everyone feels the convenience brought by the highway and fully affirms the original advance decision. It was also analyzed that if there was no advance layout and accelerated construction of highways, today's transportation situation would become very serious

it is obvious that the development of high-speed rail is a choice in line with China's national conditions, a choice in line with China's economic and social development strategy, and a major choice in line with the needs of scientific development. In this sense, our answer is yes to whether high-speed rail should be built or not

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