The hottest paper industry raw material forest bas

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Paper industry raw material forest base (1)

the "seminar on accelerating the construction of paper industry raw material forest base" hosted by China Paper Association and China Paper Association and hosted by Yueyang Paper Group is held under the new situation that the national policy of promoting the "combination of forest and paper" has been clear, the wood pulp and paper industry is booming, and the construction of paper raw material forest base is about to enter a large-scale implementation. The issues discussed at this meeting, It is of special significance to the construction of China's wood pulp paper industry and papermaking raw material forest base, and will have a far-reaching impact on the rapid, healthy and sustainable development of China's wood pulp paper industry. This paper gives some personal opinions on several urgent problems in the construction of raw material forest base of paper industry

1. Accelerating the construction of the raw material forest base of the paper industry is a social and economic system project involving a wide range of aspects. The type II sample is a rectangular strip sample with equal cross-section, which requires the further unified understanding of all relevant parties and starts as soon as possible.

in the past, due to the small schematic diagram of the scale Rockwell hardness test of China's wood pulp and paper enterprises, the problem of wood raw materials can be solved by purchasing sporadic raw materials, But now the situation has changed a lot: first, the cost of wood pulping in China has decreased, and the paper industry is accelerating its development, and the scale of enterprises is constantly expanding. For example, according to the development plan of Yuezhi group, the current wood pulping capacity is 160000 tons, which will reach 290000 tons in 2005 and 560000 tons in 2010. Accordingly, the annual demand for wood is about 700000 cubic meters, 1.2 million cubic meters and 2 million cubic meters respectively. Other large domestic enterprises are also accelerating their development. At the same time, China's wood-based panel and other wood processing industries are also developing by leaps and bounds. Medium density fiberboard alone has increased from more than 2 million cubic meters in previous years to more than 5 million cubic meters. In this way, the demand for wood has increased significantly, and large processing enterprises can no longer meet the needs of normal production by purchasing wood sporadically from the society. Second, after the launch of the "natural forest protection project", China's forest classification management will also be officially launched. In addition to the "natural forest protection project" area, more than 30% of the existing timber forests in other areas will be classified as "public welfare forests". With the gradual implementation of the national compensation mechanism for public welfare forests, these forests will be reduced from limited cutting to the final prohibition year by year. In this way, the original quota cutting indicators of forest resources will be further reduced

one increase and one decrease, the contradiction between supply and demand of wood will become more and more prominent, and it is more and more urgent to solve the problem of wood raw materials in the paper industry. The newly-built unit is mm industrial raw material forest, and the fastest eucalyptus, triploid Populus tomentosa, black poplar, etc. can be cut down at least 6-8 years, and pine trees can be used at least 16 years later. The issue of "integration of forestry and paper" has been discussed repeatedly for decades, and it can't be delayed year after year. It's time for immediate action. However, at present, there are still many mismatches in the construction of raw material forest base for the paper industry in terms of policy, technology, business model, capital and other aspects. Enterprises, banks and relevant departments need to further unify their understanding, solve these uncoordinated and mismatched problems that do exist, and issue clear and operable implementation measures, so that the construction of raw material forest base for the paper industry can be started as soon as possible

2. To build a raw material forest base for the paper industry, we need to study, formulate and issue specific operating measures as soon as possible on the basis of the major policies that have been issued.

on February 7, 2001, the "notice on Several Opinions on accelerating the construction of raw material forest base for the paper industry" (Ji ban [2001] No. 141) jointly issued by the State Planning Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the State Forestry Administration is a good document, It is a major breakthrough in the policy of building raw material forests for the paper industry and even the whole commercial forests, and it can be said to be a milestone in the policy of building commercial forests. This document has made clear provisions on major issues such as the construction planning, management organization, construction form, construction funds, logging management, tax and fee policies of paper forest base, and pointed out the ways to solve a series of difficult problems that have been debated for many years

however, there is still much work to be done to implement the clear policies in the document, and there must be specific operating methods. For example, the quota cutting problem of paper forest base can be "listed separately in the plan" and "reported for a single batch" in the document, but they are all included in the annual quota cutting wood production plan in the region, which means that if the paper wood cutting plan increases, it will be necessary to reduce the plan of other commodity wood, which is difficult to implement. Because at present, all aspects of timber are increasing, and the total quota cutting index will only be reduced year by year. It is impossible to protect paper timber by pressing other commodity timber. For another example, if we want to build industrial raw material forests in provinces that have eliminated barren mountains suitable for forestry, we can't find large areas of non forest land for afforestation. We can only transform some sparse and residual forests and low yield forests, which will involve how to solve the problem of quota cutting indicators. (to be continued)

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