The draft amendment to the hottest renewable energ

2022-07-31
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The draft amendment to the renewable energy law will be the first army of power enterprises at the press conference of the 10th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 11th National People's Congress. It reflects the high attention of the Chinese government to renewable energy and the rapid development trend of the industry. Years of practice have shown that the renewable energy law has lagged behind, and it is imperative to amend it. This is the first time to review the amendment to the renewable energy law, and it still needs to be discussed in the future. The reasons are not only the in-depth discussion of the amended provisions, but also the strong appeal for the contents not covered in the amendment. It is believed that with the amendment of the renewable energy law and the final finalization of the plan for the new energy industry, the development of renewable energy and new energy in China will greatly accelerate

the simulated tunnel built by rausberg in 2005 was constructed in full accordance with the national standards for tunnel design. On February 28, at the 14th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Tenth National People's Congress, the renewable energy law was adopted by a high vote. On january1,2006, the law was formally implemented. On August 24, 2009, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress deliberated the draft amendment to the renewable energy law for the first time

the draft amendment can be reflected as "highlighting the three principles and modifying the six articles"

it is understood that the principle of overall planning, the principle of combining market allocation with government macro-control and the principle of centralized and unified use of national support funds are highlighted. According to the three principles, Articles 8, 9, 14, 20, 24 and 29 of the current renewable energy law shall be amended accordingly

all levels of planning should sing a concerto

pay attention to the principle of overall planning, because in recent years, there have been some phenomena in China's renewable energy development, such as the lack of adequate resource evaluation planning, the lack of convergence between national and local planning, the disharmony between power generation planning and power planning, and the blind expansion of renewable energy power generation scale in some places

therefore, the environmental protection and Assets Supervision Committee of the National People's Congress proposed to amend the first and third paragraphs of Article 8 of the renewable energy law, that is, to clearly formulate the national renewable energy development and utilization plan according to the development strategy and the development status of renewable energy technology. The plans formulated by various localities must also be reported to the competent department of energy under the State Council and the state electricity regulatory authority for the record. The principles and contents for formulating the plan are added to Article 9. Both are more refined than the original method

add a bottom line for power enterprises

the draft amendment establishes a full guaranteed purchase system for renewable energy power generation. That is, Article 14 of the original law is amended to require the competent Energy Department of the State Council and relevant departments to formulate annual acquisition targets and implementation plans for the national renewable energy power generation, determine and publish the minimum targets for the full guaranteed acquisition of renewable energy power generation that power enterprises should meet, and power enterprises should acquire renewable energy that is not lower than the minimum targets and generate electricity from power projects. The state electricity regulatory authority is responsible for its implementation. Power companies must meet the standards every year, or they will be punished

zhouxiaoqian, former chief engineer of the Ministry of electric power industry, said in an interview with China energy news that strengthening the planning of power enterprises and building supporting power facilities is a prerequisite for the implementation of renewable energy development and utilization planning. The current renewable energy law does not regulate the planning and construction of supporting power facilities for power enterprises. The situation that power planning and construction lag behind renewable energy power generation is quite prominent. In some regions, renewable energy power generation projects are difficult to generate power in time, which has seriously restricted the sustainable and healthy development of renewable energy development and utilization

this is indeed the case. From the past experience, the full acquisition is far from being achieved in reality. From the perspective of security, technology and even its own economic interests, electricity holds various worries and exclusion towards renewable energy power generation. Moreover, the original law leaves room for power companies, that is, to "purchase in full the renewable energy within the scope of their electricity coverage and generate electricity from power generation projects". However, the construction of renewable energy electric fields in China is lack of planning, and most of them are at the end of electricity or far away from electricity. In addition, the punishment for power generation without full acquisition of renewable energy is not enough

just as Wang Guangtao, chairman of the environment and Resources Committee of the National People's Congress, pointed out: "Although the current renewable energy law stipulates the full purchase system, it is mainly solved through the performance and agreement between power generation enterprises and power enterprises within the scope of power coverage. During the implementation, it is difficult to implement the provisions on full purchase due to the unclear interests and relations between the two enterprises, the lack of effective administrative control means for power enterprises and the requirements for guaranteed purchase indicators for power enterprises."

in revising this article, Wang Guangtao said that it highlighted the principle of combining market allocation with macro-control. While adhering to the bidding system for renewable energy and power generation, the government has strengthened its macro-control ability on the renewable energy market through the minimum quota index of guaranteed purchase

specific to the power company, The director of the renewable energy development center of the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission will directly drive the continued rise of China's construction machinery market. Wang Zhongying told China Energy News: "There are bottlenecks. Personally, I don't think it's the reason for technology. Denmark and other European countries have a high proportion of renewable energy, and it doesn't just depend on technology. The establishment of the minimum quota index has strengthened the obligation and obligation of power enterprises to purchase renewable energy, and put some pressure on them, forcing power companies to consider the overall coordination of various power companies."

compulsory purchase or compulsory purchase is a common measure taken by developed countries in renewable energy power generation. For example, the laws of Germany and Spain stipulate that for renewable energy power plants whose geographical location is not within the power supply scope of the power operator, the power operator closest to the power plant has the obligation to accept, and the resulting additional costs, including power construction costs, are distributed among them through transfer payment and other means, Finally, it will be implemented into the sales price of end users

the power construction fund has not been defined yet

in addition, in order to implement the compulsory and compulsory purchase system, the power construction for the acquisition of renewable energy power generation is a prerequisite. However, there is no clear policy on the source of electricity construction costs. Electricity planning and construction lags behind renewable energy power generation, and the phenomenon that electricity cannot be generated can be seen everywhere. In this regard, the draft amendment suggests that power enterprises should strengthen planning and construction, apply advanced technologies such as smart electricity, improve power operation management, and improve the ability to absorb renewable energy for power generation. In order to improve the enthusiasm of power construction, the number of new energy vehicles in China has exceeded 120000. It is proposed to accelerate the implementation of the electricity price reform plan approved by the State Council to absorb the new reasonable costs caused by the randomness and intermittence of renewable energy power

legalization of fund management

finally, an important modification of the full rib bolt or screw in this draft is that the state establishes a renewable energy development fund in the nature of a government fund. Sources include the special funds arranged by the state in the fiscal year and the renewable energy electricity price surcharge collected

according to the draft, the activities supported by the national renewable energy development fund include: scientific and technological research, standard formulation, testing and certification and demonstration projects for the development and utilization of renewable energy; Renewable energy utilization projects for domestic energy in rural and pastoral areas; Construction of renewable energy independent power system in remote areas and islands; Resource exploration and evaluation of renewable energy, construction of relevant information systems, and promotion of localized production of renewable energy development and utilization equipment

wangzhongying told China Energy News: "the establishment of government funds has standardized the source, management and use of funds, and provided a long-term financial mechanism for the development of renewable energy."

it is understood that the management measures for this part of the fund are formulated by the financial department of the State Council in conjunction with the relevant competent departments of the State Council, such as energy and prices

Wang Guangtao, chairman of the environment and Resources Protection Committee of the National People's Congress, said when explaining the draft amendment to the meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress that the establishment of a renewable energy development fund is an important means of economic regulation by the government and an effective method adopted by many countries in the world to promote the sustainable and rapid development of renewable energy

yangliyou, executive vice president of the new energy chamber of Commerce of the all China Federation of industry and commerce, said in an interview with China energy news that China has established a renewable energy electricity price surcharge system, with a levy standard of 2% per kilowatt hour. It is expected to levy about 4.5 billion yuan in 2009

Wang Guangtao said: "if the above fees are not identified as government funds, it will lead to two results. First, value-added tax and enterprise income tax will be paid, accounting for one third of the total. Second, the capital allocation cycle is long, and the subsidy funds cannot be in place in time." draft Our opinion is to combine the electricity price surcharge and the special national financial funds collected according to the current renewable energy law into the National Renewable Energy Development Fund in the nature of government funds. "

representatives express their opinions

in addition, although the issue of electricity price on renewable energy power generation classification has attracted much attention, the environmental protection and assets supervision and Administration Commission of the National People's Congress still said that as the provisions on electricity price on renewable energy power generation in the current law stipulate the principles conducive to promoting the development and utilization of renewable energy and economic rationality, the current electricity price problem mainly needs to be solved by improving the law implementation methods, Speed up the formulation and publication of the national renewable energy classification electricity price and study and formulate specific management measures for solar power generation projects and prices

Yin Chengjie, deputy director of the agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee of the National People's Congress and member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, believed that at present, the support for biomass power generation is far from enough; Huang Ming, a deputy to the National People's Congress, said that the detailed rules for the implementation of tax incentives under the renewable energy law should be promulgated as soon as possible. Zhang Hong, a deputy to the National People's Congress, said that in the current development of renewable energy, there is a state of disharmony between development and utilization, technological maturity and use cost, which makes the development speed of component manufacturing and processing industries of renewable energy far faster than that of renewable energy utilization

however, at the press conference on the afternoon of the 27th, puhaiqing, vice chairman of the environmental protection and assets supervision and Administration Commission of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, revealed that the law would be submitted for review and amendment again. "The main points of disagreement are in power purchase, power construction and government funds. The NPC will continue to deliberate in two months," he said

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